Madinah Masjid of Carrollton

Madinah Masjid of Carrollton

Jamaat Timings

Fajr

6:15 AM

Zuhr 1:45 PM (Sunday only 2:00 PM)
Asr 6:30 PM
Magrib At Sunset

Isha

9:30 PM

Friday 2:00 PM

Saturday 20 April 2019

Moon Sighting


Concept of Unity in Islam Print E-mail

CONCEPT OF UNITY IN ISLAM

Islam means - Complete Submission to the Will of Allah. There is no but, if or else. Once you have declared yourself a Muslim then you have to abide by the Commands of Allah and Rasulallah (salallahoAlaiheWasalam), specially when the commands are very clear and unambiguous. As mentioned in Quran "O' Who believe! Enter into Islam whole-heartedly; and follow not the footsteps of the evil one; for he is to you an avowed enemy" (Surah Al-Baqara, verse 208).

In another place Allah commands Muslims "Whatever the Apostle gives you accept it; and whatever he forbids you, refrain from it. And fear Allah, for Allah is strict in punishment". and numerous places Allah said " Obey Allah and His Messenger". From all the above Verses it is very clear that Muslims have to follow commands of Allah and His messenger in order to success here and after. Let see what medicine Quran gives for the unity. In Quran Allah Said " And hold fast, all together, by the rope of Allah and be not divided among themselves" (Al-Quran: Surah Al-e-Imran, Verse 103). All the Scholars of Islam are agreed the Rope of Allah is Quran and the Sunnah of Prophet (salallahoAlaiheWasalam). And let not to forget the famous Hajja-tul-wida serman by our beloved prophet Muhammad (SalallahoAlaiheWasalam) in which he said " .... Arabs has no superiority over non-Arabs and Non-Arabs have no Superiority over Arabs, You are all equal except by piety and good action…….. .I leave behind me two things, the Qur'an and my example, the Sunnah and if you follow these you will never go astray…" (Prophet's Last Sermon) ".

The Unity of Muslim Ummah is not in celebrating Eid on same day throughout the World but the Unity of Ummah is in following the Quran and Sunnah of our beloved prophet Muhammad (salallahoAlaiheWasalam). If each and every Muslim starts following the Commands of Allah Ta'ala and His Habib Muhammad (SalallahoAlaiheWasalam) then Unity among Muslims will prevail by itself. Today why Muslims all over the world are in misery and so divided, even in a places where they celebrate Eid on one day? it's because Muslim have stopped practicing Islam and does not give any importance to the Sunnah of the prophet (salallahoAlaiheWasalam). History has witnessed that whenever Muslims have followed the Quran and the Practices of the prophet (SalallahoAlaiheWasalam), they were united and had ruled the world.
No doubt every Muslim likes to have Unity but at what cost? By abandoning the path of our Prophet and his companions! If we keep demolishing the sunnah of our beloved Prophet (SallalaHoAlaiHeWassalam) one by one in the name of modernization and unity then what will be left at the end? Imaan without Amal!

Living in America does not mean that we are free to break rules for our convenience that has been set by Quran and Hadith. Take for example this situation, Most Muslims in America are in their offices during Zuhur and Asr prayers. They do not get time to pray, but can we make Ijma (concenses among muslims) to let those muslims be excused for these prayers. In the same way, even if all the Muslims in the world decided to change the percent of Zakat from 2.5% to 1% , can they do that? Similarly, starting of Ramadan and celebrating Eid is a clear matter established by Quran and Sunnah and there is no room for personal opinions or Ijma of Ummah, And can this rule be extended to other established matters? Absolutely not, otherwise it will create a fitna that will have no bounds. Unity of Ummah is in following the Quran and Sunnah of our Prophet (SalallahoAlaiHeWasallam) as declared by Allah Ta'ala in Quran-ul-hakeem " And hold fast, all together, by the rope of Allah and be not divided among themselves" (Al-Quran: Surah Al-e-Imran, Verse 103). "he who obeys the messenger has indeed obeyed Allah" (Surah al-Nisa, verse-80).

We sincerely appeal to all Muslims to follow in the path of Shariah. The Shariah that was established by our Prophet Muhammad (SalallahoAlaiHeWasallam) and those who followed him to bring Islam to our generation. Such Sharia is the only gaurantee that our "Ibadah" will be accepted by Allah Subhana Ta'ala.

[Wama Alaina Illalbalah - Our job is to convey the message, May Allah Ta'ala give us courage to accept the truth.]

 
FAQ - Moon Sighting Print E-mail

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON MOON SIGHTING

As most of us know, the moon goes through several phases. The months of the Islamic Calendar are based on sighting of the new moon every month. So what is a new moon? A new moon is "born" when the moon of the previous month disappears (i.e. the moon goes from a slightly visible crescent to a completely black sphere that is impossible to be seen). About 17-23 hours after the new moon is born, a thin crescent becomes visible on earth. Once again, as we were taught by Allah (Qur'an 2:189) and the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), it is the sighting of this crescent that marks the start of a new month. Therefore, even though a moon may be born on one day, it may not been seen until the next day. Furthermore, if a new moon is born less than 15 hours before sunset on day 1; it will not been seen until sunset of day 2; and when it is finally seen it is 15+24=39 hours old and will look very thick. This does NOT mean that this is a second day crescent. A first day crescent can be very thin in some locations and it can also be thick in other locations because of time difference. As Muslims, we should always remember that our first priority is to follow the teachings of our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) who told us to start the month when we see the crescent, not when the moon is "born." If we do that, Insha-Allah we will start the month at the "right" time (the time that Allah intends for the month to start).

Question:  Where in Quran and Hadith it is mention to start new month by sighting Moon.
Answer:
In Quran see Surah Al-Baqara, verse 189.

Translation: "They ask you concerning the new Moons. Say: They are but signsto mark fixed period of time in (the affairs of) men and for Hajj"
There are numerous Hadiths in which prophet Muhammad (SalallahoAlaiheWasalam) ordered Muslims to start the new month by sighting the Moon. Here is one for reference.
Allah's Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) said: Observe fast on sighting it (the new moon) and break it on sighting it. But if (due to clouds) the actual position of the month is concealed from you, you should then count thirty (days).(NARRATOR AbuHurayrah, SAHIH MUSLIM)


Question: If the moon is sighted any place on earth, then why all Muslim Ummah cannot start the Islamic month on the same day. (Oct 1,1997)
Logical Answer: When the moon is sighted in a place on earth, right at that moment there are two days and dates prevailing all over the globe. Some places have already started their next day. Those places can not start the month at that time. They have to wait for the next sunset time to start new month, and hence their month will not start on the same day as the place where the moon was sighted.

Suppose the moon is only possible to be seen in Hawaii and nowhere in the world. Even if we know ahead of time that the moon will be sighted in Hawaii, the time of starting Islamic month will be after sunset in Hawaii (around 6pm). At that time in Tokyo, the time will be 1pm of the next day. If this was month of Ramadan, this is way past Suhoor time in Tokyo. They cannot start fasting 9 hours before the month can begin anywhere in the world e.g. in Hawaii in this case.
Straight Answer:  Nowhere in Quran or Hadiths it is said to follow a particular country or a Masjid, instead every where in Quran and Hadiths, Muslims are ordered to follow Quran and the Sunnah of the prophet Muhammad (salallahoAlaiheWasalam).


Question: Why does the first crescent look thin in some months and thick in other months? (Oct 31,1997)
Answer: For a specific location where you are, the new crescent moon in some months has the least age, in other months has larger age, and yet in some other months, its age is just below the visibility range (say, e.g., 12 hours), and then the next day its age grows by 24 more hours (to 36 hours). Of course, this 36 hour old moon looks so big that people may say that it is definitely second day moon. For your locality, it is still first day moon. However, for some other localities, it may have been seen the day earlier (at the age of 17 hours), and for them, it is second day moon when it is 41 hours old. So, you see, a 36 hour old moon may be the first day moon and a 41 hour old moon which is not much different from 36 hours is a second day moon.


Question:  By calculation and all modern day Technology, we can accurately predict when new Moon will "born". Given that why we cannot start New month accordingly.
Answer: Surely, we can use all the technological advancement in predicting the birth of new Moon but we cannot make our decision solely based on these information because the hadiths of Rasulallah (salallahoAlaiheWasalam) clearly states that "Allah's Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) said: Whenever you sight the new moon (of the month of Ramadan) observe fast, and when you sight it (the new moon of Shawwal) break it, and if the sky is cloudy for you, then observe fast for thirty days. (Sahih Muslim)" i.e. we are ordered to see the Moon and not when the Moon is "born". Now consider this, If we only have to rely on when the New Moon will born then why Rasulallah (salallahoAlaiheWasalam) ordered us to see the Actual Moon. Was it difficult for Rasulallah to see the Moon behind the Cloud or to find when the new Moon would born if Allah Wanted. No, instead, Rasulallah Gave the Ummah a simple solution  till the day of Resurrection so that the Ummah can start the new month in right way.


Question:  Can one follow the Majority decision to start Ramadan or Eid?
Answer: One can follow the Majority's Decision only if their decision is based on Quran and Sunnah. Otherwise, follow those who start Ramadan or Eid according to Quran and Sunnah even if they are less in numbers.


Question:  Does the size of first sighted moon (thick or thin) matters?
Answer: In Shariah, the size of first sighted moon does not matter whether it is thick or thin. The following hadith clearly state that size of new moon does not matter, all it matters is when the new moon has been sighted.

NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Abbas
SAHIH MUSLIM
HADITH_No 2392
AbulBakhtari reported: We went out to perform Umrah and when we encamped in the valley of Nakhlah, we tried to see the new moon. Some of the people said: It was three nights old, and others (said) that it was two nights old. We then met Ibn Abbas and told him we had seen the new moon, but that some of the people said it was three nights old and others that it was two nights old. He asked on which night we had seen it; and when we told him we had seen it on such and such night, he said the Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) had said Verily Allah deferred it till the time it is seen, so it is to be reckoned from the night you saw it.      

MAY ALLAH GIVE US COURAGE TO ACCEPT THE TRUTH AND FOLLOW THE QURAN AND THE PATH OF RASOOLALLAH (peace_be_upon_him). AMEEN.

Courtesy in part: www.moonsighting.com

 
Hadiths related to the Moon sighting & Ramadan Print E-mail

NARRATOR AbuHurayrah
SAHIH MUSLIM
HADITH_No 2378

Allah's Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) said: Whenever you sight the new moon (of the month of Ramadan) observe fast, and when you sight it (the new moon of Shawwal) break it, and if the sky is cloudy for you, then observe fast for thirty days.

NARRATOR AbuHurayrah
SAHIH MUSLIM 
HADITH_No 2379 

Allah's Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) said: Observe fast on sighting it (the new moon) and break (fast) on sighting it (the new moon), but if the sky is cloudy for you, then complete the number (of thirty).

NARRATOR AbuHurayrah
SAHIH MUSLIM
HADITH_No 2380

Allah's Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) said: Observe fast on sighting it (the new moon) and break it on sighting it. But if (due to clouds) the actual position of the month is concealed from you, you should then count thirty (days).

NARRATOR AbuHurayrah
SAHIH MUSLIM
HADITH_No 2381

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) made a mention of the new moon and (in this connection) said: Observe fast when you see it (the new moon) and break fast when you see it (the new moon of Shawwal), but when (the actual position of the month is) concealed from you (on account of cloudy sky), then count thirty days.


NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Abbas
SAHIH MUSLIM
HADITH_No 2391

Kurayb said: Umm Fadl, daughter of Harith, sent him (Fadl, i.e. her son) to Mu'awiyah in Syria. I (Fadl) arrived in Syria, and did the needful for her. It was there in Syria that the month of Ramadan commenced. I saw the new moon (of Ramadan) on Friday. I then came back to Medina at the end of the month. Abdullah ibn Abbas asked me (about the new moon of Ramadan) and said: When did you see it? I said: We saw it on Friday night. He said: (Did) you see it yourself? I said: Yes, and the people also saw it so they observed fast and Mu'awiyah also observed fast. Thereupon he said: But we saw it on Saturday night. So we shall continue to observe the fast until we complete thirty (fasts) or we see it (the new moon of Shawwal). I said: Is the sighting of the moon by Mu'awiyah not valid for you? He said: No; this is how the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) has commanded us. Yahya ibn Yahya was in doubt (whether the word used in the narration by Kurayb) was Naktafi or Taktafi.


NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Abbas
SAHIH MUSLIM
HADITH_No 2392

AbulBakhtari reported: We went out to perform Umrah and when we encamped in the valley of Nakhlah, we tried to see the new moon. Some of the people said: It was three nights old, and others (said) that it was two nights old. We then met Ibn Abbas and told him we had seen the new moon, but that some of the people said it was three nights old and others that it was two nights old. He asked on which night we had seen it; and when we told him we had seen it on such and such night, he said the Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) had said Verily Allah deferred it till the time it is seen, so it is to be reckoned from the night you saw it.


NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Abbas
SAHIH MUSLIM
HADITH_No 2526

Hakim ibn al-Araj reported: I went to Ibn Abbas and he was reclining using his mantle as a pillow near the fountain of Zamzam. I said to him: Tell me about fasting on Ashura. He said: When you see the new moon of Muharram then count the (days) and observe fast on the 9th. I said to him: Is it how the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) observed the fast? He said: Yes.


NARRATOR AbuHurayrah
SAHIH MUSLIM
HADITH_No 2635

We were talking about laylat al-Qadr in the presence of the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and he said: He who amongst you remembers (the night) when the moon arose and it was like a piece of plate (at the fag end of the month in a state of waning).


NARRATOR Anas ibn Malik
SAHIH MUSLIM
HADITH_No 6868

We were with Umar between Mecca and Medina so that we might begin to look for the new moon. I was a man with sharp eyesight, so I could see it, but none saw it except myself. I began to say to Umar: Don't you see it? But he could not see it. Thereupon Umar said: I shall soon be able to see it (when it shines more brightly). I lay in bed. He then mentioned to us of the people of Badr and said: Allah's Apostle (peace_be_upon_him) showed us one day before (the actual battle) the place of death of the people (participating) in (the Battle) of Badr and he was saying: This will be the place of death of so and so tomorrow, if Allah wills. Umar said: By Him Who sent him with truth, they did not miss the places (of their death) which Allah's Apostle (peace_be_upon_him) had indicated for them. Then they were all thrown in a well, one after another. Allah's Apostle (peace_be_upon_him) then went to them and said: O, so and so, the son of so and so; O so and so, the son of so and so, have you found what Allah and His Apostle (peace_be_upon_him) had promised you? I have, however, found absolutely true what Allah had promised me. Umar said: Allah's Apostle (peace_be_upon_him) said: How can you talk as bodies without souls in them. Thereupon he said: You cannot hear more distinctly than (they can) what I say, but with the exception that they have no power to make any reply.


NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Umar
AL-MUWATTA
HADITH_No 18.1.1

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, once mentioned Ramadan and said, "Do not begin the fast until you see the new moon, and do not break the fast (at the end of Ramadan) until you see it. If the new moon is obscured from you, then work out (when it should be)."


NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Umar
AL-MUWATTA
HADITH_No 18.1.2

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A month has twenty-nine days in it. Do not start the fast or break it until you see the new moon. If the new moon is obscured from you, then work out (when it should be)."


NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Abbas
AL-MUWATTA
HADITH_No 18.1.3

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, once mentioned Ramadan and said, "Do not start the fast or break it until you see the new moon. If the new moon is obscured from you, then complete a full thirty days."



NARRATOR AbuUmayr ibn Anas
ABU DAWUD
HADITH_No 1153

AbuUmayr reported on the authority of some of his paternal uncles who were Companions of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him): Some men came riding to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and testified that they had sighted the new moon the previous day. He (the Holy Prophet), therefore, commanded the people to break the fast and to go out to their place of prayer in the morning.



NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Umar
ABU DAWUD
HADITH_No 2312

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The month consists of twenty-nine days, but do not fast till you sight it (the moon) and do not break your fast till you sight it. If the weather is cloudy, calculate it thirty days. When the twenty-ninth of Sha'ban came, Ibn Umar would send someone (who tried) to sight the moon for him. If it was sighted, then well and good; in case it was not sighted, and there was no cloud and dust before him (on the horizon), he would not keep fast the next day. If there appeared (on the horizon) before him cloud or dust, he would fast the following day. Ibn Umar would end his fasting alone with the people, and did not follow this calculation.


NARRATOR Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin
ABU DAWUD
HADITH_No 2318

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to count the days in Sha'ban in a manner he did not count any other month; then he fasted when he sighted the new moon of Ramadan; but if the weather was cloudy he counted thirty days and then fasted.


NARRATOR Hudhayfah
ABU DAWUD
HADITH_No 2319

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Do not fast (for Ramadan) before the coming of the month until you sight the moon or complete the number (of thirty days); then fast until you sight the moon or complete the number (of thirty days).


NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Abbas
ABU DAWUD
HADITH_No 2320

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Do not fast one day or two days just before Ramadan except in the case of a man who has been in the habit or observing a fast (on that day); and do not fast until you sight it (the moon). Then fast until you sight it. If a cloud appears on that day (i.e. 29th of Ramadan) then complete the number thirty (days) and then end the fasting: a month consists of twenty-nine days.


NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Umar
ABU DAWUD
HADITH_No 2331

Husayn ibn al-Harith al-Jadli from the tribe of Jadilah Qays said: The governor of Mecca delivered a speech and said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) took a pledge from us that we should perform the rites of hajj after sighting the moon. If we do not sight it and two reliable persons bear witness, we should perform the rites of hajj on the basis of their witness. I then asked al-Husayn ibn al-Harith: Who was the governor of Mecca? He replied: I do not know. He then met me later on and told me: He was al-Harith ibn Hatib, brother of Muhammad ibn Hatib. The governor then said: There is among you a man who is more acquainted with Allah and His Apostle than I. He witnessed this from the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He then pointed with his hand to a man. Al- Husayn said: I asked an old man beside me: Who is that man to whom the governor has alluded? He said: "This is Abdullah ibn Umar, and he spoke the truth. He was more acquainted with Allah than he. He (Abdullah ibn Umar) said: For this is what the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) commanded us (to do).


NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Abbas
ABU DAWUD
HADITH_No 2333

A bedouin came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and said: I have sighted the moon. Al-Hasan added in his version: that is, of Ramadan. He asked: Do you testify that there is no god but Allah? He replied: Yes. He again asked: Do you testify that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah? He replied: Yes. and he testified that he had sighted the moon. He said: Bilal, announce to the people that they must fast tomorrow.


NARRATOR Ikrimah
ABU DAWUD
HADITH_No 2334

Once the people doubted the appearance of the moon of Ramadan, and intended neither to offer the tarawih prayer nor to keep fast. A bedouin came from al-Harrah and testified that he had sighted the moon. He was brought to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He asked: Do you testify that there is no god but Allah, and that I am the Apostle of Allah? He said: Yes; and he testified that he had sighted the moon. He commanded Bilal who announced to the people to offer the tarawih prayer and to keep fast.


NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Umar
ABU DAWUD
Hadith_No 2335

The people sighted the moon, so I informed the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) that I had sighted it. He fasted and commanded the people to fast.


NARRATOR AbuRazin al-Uqayli
ABU DAWUD
HADITH_No 4713

I asked: Apostle of Allah! will each one of us see his Lord? Ibn Mu'adh's version has: "being alone with Him, on the Day of Resurrection? And what sign is there is His creation?" He replied: AbuRazin! does each one of you not see the moon? Ibn Mu'adh's version has: "on the night when it is full, being alone with it?" Then the agreed version goes: I said: Yes. He said: Allah is more great. Ibn Mu'adh's version has: It is only part of Allah's creation, but Allah is more glorious and greater.


NARRATOR Qatadah
ABU DAWUD
HADITH_No 5073

When the Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) saw the new moon, he said: "a new moon of good and right guidance; a new moon of good and right guidance; a new moon of good and right guidance. I believe in Him Who created you" three times. He would then say: "Praise be to Allah Who has made such and such a month to pass and has brought such and such a month."


NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Abbas
MISHKAT AL-MASABIH
HADITH_No 1230r

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Do not anticipate Ramadan. Start the fast with observing the new moon and terminate it with observing it. If the sky is overcast let the month run to thirty days.


NARRATOR Talhah ibn Ubaydullah
MISHKAT AL-MASABIH
HADITH_No 1233r

On seeing a new moon, the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) would supplicate: Allah, do Thou cause the appearance of this moon to be a harbinger of peace, faith, security and Islam for us. Thy Lord, O moon, and mine is Allah. May this be a moon presaging guidance and good.

 
Moon Hotline Print E-mail

ROYAT-E-HILAAL COMMITTEE OF AMERICA


Al-Hamdolillah, from last several years, Royat-e-Hilaal Committee of America has been serving the Muslim Community by Providing Correct Islamic Dates and Prayers Timings so that Muslims in America can begin their Islamic months according to the Sunnah of our beloved prophet Muhammad (SalallahoAlaiheWasalam). For the convenience of our fellow Muslims, We have established a 24-hour Moon Hotline Number where you can get the Islamic dates and Prayers timings in the Dallas/Fort Worth area.

MOON HOTLINE NUMBER

1-800-314-2140

 


 
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